Overland Mail

Overland Mail--titles
Universal, 15 Chapters, 1942. Starring Lon Chaney Jr., Helen Parrish, Noah Beery Jr., Don Terry, Noah Beery Sr., Tom Chatterton, Harry Cording, Charles Stevens, Robert Barron.

Western marshal Jim Lane (Lon Chaney Jr.) is recruited by the Army to investigate repeated Indian attacks on stagecoaches and Pony Express riders in the wild region between the towns of La Paz and Silver Creek; these attacks are wreaking havoc on mail deliveries, much to the concern of the Federal authorities. Lane, with the help of his pals Sierra Pete and Buckskin Bill Burke (Noah Beery Jr. and Don Terry), soon learns that disguised white outlaws are leading the Indians in their raids on the mail service; however, it takes much longer for the trio to discover that the man behind the raiders is jovial businessman Frank Chadwick (Noah Beery Sr.). This scheming profiteer is bent on ruining Tom Gilbert (Tom Chatterton), who holds a million-dollar franchise from the government to deliver the Overland Mail; Chadwick plans to take over the lucrative franchise once Gilbert has been driven out of business by the depredations of the outlaws–but fails to reckon with Jim, Sierra, and Buckskin.

Paul Huston’s screenplay for Overland Mail (based on a story by prolific pulp-Western writer Johnston McCulley) consists of little more than a series of battles between heroes and villains over stagecoach gold shipments, wagonloads of supplies, important letters and other property vital to the survival of Gilbert’s mail company; though highly repetitive in outline, this storyline nevertheless manages to occupy fifteen chapters without ever seeming tedious–and manages to be extremely entertaining in the process, due to the same assets that made other thinly-plotted Universal Western chapterplays like Flaming Frontiers or Riders of Death Valley so enjoyable: excellent location shooting, plentiful action, fast pacing, a colorful assortment of heroic and villainous characters, and a terrific cast.

As in Universal’s four John Mack Brown serials, the pines, rocks, slopes, and rivers of the Kernville area are given extensive exposure in Overland Mail; although several sequences take place on the streets of Universal’s Western town or in the studio’s cave set, the serial’s characters spend the majority of their time chasing, trailing, or shooting each other out in Kernville’s wilds. Directors Ford Beebe and John Rawlins do an excellent job of staging their outdoor action scenes so as to show off the scenery to maximum advantage; standout sequences include the pursuit of the stagecoach in Chapter One, the hero’s hillside shootout with the heavies in Chapter Two, the Chapter Three scene that has another coach encountering a herd of stampeding cattle in a narrow draw, the Indian attack at the river in Chapter Five, the heroes’ clash with ambushers later in the same episode, the gun battle around the wrecked stage in Chapter Ten, the horseback chase in Chapter Twelve, the Chapter Thirteen hillside battle, and the good guys’ climactic pursuit of the fleeing villains’ stage in Chapter Fifteen.

Overland Mail--chase Overland Mail--river rescue Overland Mail--hillside shootout Overland Mail--shootout by stage
Above, top left: Noah Beery Jr. and Lon Chaney Jr. gallop to the rescue. Top right: Beery Jr. plunges his horse into the Kernville river. Bottom left: Charles Stevens (feathered headdress) and other henchmen blaze away at the hero. Above right: The good guys make a stand around a wrecked stagecoach.

Other standout action sequences include the protracted battle at the cabin in Chapter Four, the assaults on the jail in Chapters Eight and Thirteen, the fight in the stage-yard in Chapter Nine, and the short but fierce gunfight at the cave in Chapter Fifteen. In this scene–and in many of the serial’s other gun battles–the heroes dispatch their enemies quite summarily, instead of merely plugging them in the arm or missing them altogether; the villains also fatally shoot many incidental good guys over the course of the serial, giving the action a realism and a sense of danger often lacking in many of Universal’s other Western serials. Thanks to the first-rate gunfights and the numerous chases, the viewer scarcely notices that Mail is almost entirely devoid of fistfights; the aforementioned tussle in the stage-yard is the only prolonged brawl of any kind in the serial. Tom Steele, who can be seen in a bit as a Pony Express rider, doubles for star Lon Chaney Jr. in the stage-yard scene and in a few neat “throwaway” bits like the Chapter Twelve leap from a rock; Eddie Parker, Henry Wills and wrangler brothers Bert and Art Dillard are also on hand to double the principals during some of the riding sequences–although both Chaney and sidekick Noah Beery Jr. seem to be handling a great deal of their own horseback work.

Overland Mail--attack on canyon Overland Mail--cave shootout
Above left: Indians and outlaws attack a cabin. Above right: The heroes fill the villains’ cave hideout with gunsmoke during the last-chapter shootout.

Mail, like all of Universal’s Western serials save Riders of Death Valley, makes some use of silent-film stock footage–as well as stock shots from earlier sound serials. The latter insertions (most of them borrowed from The Oregon Trail) fit far more unobtrusively into the serial than the latter do, although the silent footage is confined mostly to occasional shots of Indians mustering for attack; only the attacks on the wagon train in Chapters One and Two, the assault on the stockade in Chapter Three, and the cavalry-Indian town battle in Chapter Twelve make notable use of silent stock (which, as always, is given away by graininess and different filming speed)–although even these sequences feature plenty of new shots. The cattle stampedes in Chapters Three and Seven use some less familiar stock, which is matched fairly smoothly to the new footage–being assisted in this regard by the deployment of a good-sized group of steers in the aforesaid new footage.

Overland Mail--cattle stampede
Above: A wrecked stagecoach is apparently buried by cattle and dust in an impressive new shot from the cattle stampede scene.

The chapter endings in Mail make use of stock footage as well (most noticeably the powder-barrel explosion from Oregon Trail and the suspension-bridge collapse from Wild West Days). However, the cliffhangers also include several new and elaborately staged sequences, like the Chapter One stagecoach explosion, the bulk of the stage-wreck and cattle-stampede scene in Chapter Three (pictured above), and the bridge explosion and plunge into the river at the end of Chapter Four. Chaney’s apparent burning at the stake for the Chapter Six cliffhanger also consists of new footage–rather surprisingly, since similar scenes appeared in several preceding Universal Western serials; his sidekicks’ clever rescue of him in the ensuing episode is original as well, making no use of the horse-stampede-through-the-Indian-village sequence that originated in Wild West Days and later popped up in both Oregon Trail and Winners of the West. Several of the chapter endings, in standard Universal fashion, are resolved by having the heroes simply live through their peril, but their survival in most cases (as in the aftermath of the Chapter Four river plunge) is at least plausible; the only really weak cliffhanger resolutions here are those that follow the seeming shootings of the hero at the end of Chapters Eleven and Fourteen–which the writer doesn’t bother to explain away with even a “just-a-scratch” remark.

Overland Mail--bridge explosion
Above: A bridge explodes as the hero and heroine’s wagon crosses it.

The action scenes are so numerous and the pacing so fast in Overland Mail that there’s less time left over for character moments than there was in Rustlers of Red Dog or Winners of the West–but writer Huston still gives the leading heroes and villains more individuality than any of the principals in Republic’s contemporary serials, with a big assist from Mail’s cast. Lon Chaney Jr.–whose success in The Wolf Man the preceding year had finally won him stardom at Universal–brings plenty of charisma to the serial’s leading role; he’s infectiously jovial when kidding with his sidekicks, quiet and gentlemanly when conversing with the heroine and her father, and convincingly crafty when devising strategies (particularly in the Chapter Seven scene that has him tricking the villains into moving their herd of stolen cattle). He handles the running and riding required of a Western-serial star with an athleticism surprising in a man of his hulking build–and uses that build and his powerful voice to give his character a slightly menacing edge in his confrontations with the villains; when he gruffly interrogates captured outlaws or roars “drop it” to gun-wielding henchmen, he sounds and looks far more intimidating than any other Universal cowboy hero.

Overland Mail--Lon Chaney Jr
Above: Lon Chaney Jr.

Noah Beery Jr. gives his Sierra Pete character a perfect combination of rustic awkwardness and folksy shrewdness; his puzzled reaction when he’s arrested for gunning a henchman in town (“All I did was shoot him down!”) and his drawling comments on Chadwick’s self-important helpfulness (“If that Chadwick could work as good as he talks, he’d get a lot done”) are particularly amusing, as are his cheery day-dreaming about gold mining in California and his impish teasing of Chaney about the latter’s growing interest in the heroine. Also participating in said teasing is Don Terry (of Don Winslow fame) as Buckskin–who, although he receives less screen time than Beery Jr., is equally colorful, and seems to be greatly enjoying the opportunity to break out of leading-man mold. He delivers his colorfully ungrammatical lines in a boisterous growl, swaggers cheerfully and confidently into action, and generally gives his character a rough-hewn roguishness light-years removed from his clean-cut and officerial Winslow.

Overland Mail--sidekicks
Above: Noah Beery Jr. and Don Terry.

As the beleaguered Gilbert’s daughter Barbara, dimpled, curly-haired Helen Parrish makes a very appealing heroine–and not just on account of her looks; her energetic concern for the other good guys and her boundless but good-natured spunkiness make her so attractive that it’s very easy to forgive her character’s occasional outbursts of willful recklessness. Tom Chatterton is also highly likable as her father, conveying convincing worry over the fate of his business but retaining a dignified geniality that keeps him from ever seeming dour or glum; unlike many serial fathers, he displays enough presence and personality to make the audience actually care about him for his own sake and not just for his connection to the heroine.

Overland Mail--Helen Parrish Overland Mail--Tom Chatterton
Above: Helen Parrish and Tom Chatterton.

Noah Beery Sr. is absolutely delightful as the villainous Chadwick–whether he’s gloweringly outlining schemes, expansively offering assistance to the heroes, putting down his henchmen with smiling sarcasm (“It’s called using your head, Darson; you should try it some time”), hypocritically holding forth about law and order to a lynch mob composed of his own followers, affably worming secrets out of the unsuspecting Gilbert, or simply chewing on his cigar and chortling exuberantly over the wealth the “million-dollar mail contract” will bring him. The elder Beery is so cheerfully exuberant in his rascality that it’s hard for the audience to resist feeling a sneaking fondness for Chadwick, despite his brazen villainy; the actor’s superb performance makes his character’s unusual final scene–which would have seemed unconvincing if performed by most other serial villains–seem quite apposite.

Overland Mail--Noah Beery Sr
Above: Noah Beery Sr.

Harry Cording, as Chadwick’s henchman Gregg, contrasts well with the more congenial Beery; his husky frame, murderous scowl, and overall air of surly anger make him a very threatening heavy. As half-breed outlaw Puma, the serial’s other principal henchman, Charles Stevens is less physically formidable than Cording but comes off as far more cunning, particularly in his sly manipulations of the Indian chief Black Cloud; as in his other serials, Stevens also is given plenty of opportunities to display furtive nervousness and a even a sort of dogged toughness when his character’s back is against the wall. Sleazily slick-looking Robert Barron, as Chadwick’s business associate Darson, completes the serial’s triumvirate of supporting villains; he does a good job of alternating between smugness (when he delivers orders to Stevens) and irritability (when he’s bawled out by Beery Sr.)

Overland Mail--Stevens and henchmen Overland Mail--Barron and Cording
Above left: Charles Stevens (center) with henchmen Carleton Young (left) and Ethan Laidlaw. Above right: Robert Barron (left) and Harry Cording.

Cranky Ethan Laidlaw, smooth-voiced Carleton Young, and clean-cut Riley Hill serve as the serial’s principal background henchmen; all three (even Hill, who usually played bland juveniles) do a very good job of acting tough and nasty. Chief Many Treaties (whose real name was William Hazlett, but who was a genuine Blackfoot Indian) is the hostile chief Black Cloud, who aids the villains after they convince him that his renegade son was unjustly killed by the hero; Hazlett makes the character seem suitably mean but also somewhat sympathetic, due to the way in which he grimly harps on his son’s death. Chief Thundercloud makes a brief appearance late in the serial, aiding the good guys as a stern but friendly chieftain named Many Moons; the ubiquitous Iron Eyes Cody also pops up periodically as one of Black Cloud’s warriors. Ruth Rickaby has a small role as a reprehensible old woman in the villains’ pay, and plays the part to the cackling hilt.

Jack Clifford is the temporarily misguided but honest and canny Sheriff, Forrest Taylor has a colorful bit as a disreputable crony of Bucksin’s, and Ben Taggart is sleekly pompous as a suit-wearing henchman who unwisely attempts to blackmail Chadwick. Jack Rockwell is excellent in an unexpectedly touching bit as a dying henchman, while Ray Teal also appears as an outlaw just long enough to die on-stage. William Gould is the colonel who gives the hero his assignment in the first chapter; George Sherwood and Frank Pershing are other army officers (a lieutenant and a captain, respectively). William Desmond makes two very brief appearances as the town banker and (later) as a different townsman, Harry Tenbrook is a stage driver, Henry Hall a wagon-train leader, and Marguerite De La Motte (a prominent leading lady in the silent era) a café waitress; despite having a grand total of three lines, she’s given very prominent billing, doubtless in recognition of her bygone fame. Bob Baker, coming off an ultimately unsuccessful run as a Universal B-western star, has two scenes as a young Buffalo Bill Cody; his billing, like De La Motte’s, is ridiculously out of proportion to his actual role, although his second scene in Chapter Fourteen does include one of the serial’s most memorable bits of dialogue.

Universal’s serial department would only release two more Westerns after Overland Mail–both of them (Raiders of Ghost City and Scarlet Horseman) complicated and very serious affairs that felt more like espionage adventures in period dress than traditional cowboy movies. In effect, Mail was the last of Universal’s long string of simple, colorful, and pulp-magazine-flavored Western serials–and, thanks to all the virtues enumerated in the preceding paragraphs, provides a suitably grand finale for that generally excellent series of chapterplays.

Overland Mail--last
Above: A stagecoach wends on its scenic but trouble-prone way with the Overland Mail.

9 thoughts on “Overland Mail

  1. One thing rarely mentioned in a serial review is a technical point of view. Universals were usually photographed with care especially their westerns. The worn and faded prints available today give no clue as how they looked when the 35 millimeter negatives were first projected on theater screens.,Even remastered and restored prints only hint at their glory. Images are blurred,sound is thin and so fourth. Universals and Republics were usually the top of the cream when it came to technical excellence. Back to this serial, Beebe and Rawlins get good performances from all involved with Chaney, Terry , and Berry sr rising to the occasion. Chaney, an excellent horseman gets to perform some of his own less dangerous stunts. While devoid of excessive fistfights, theres enough physical action to keep things moving for fifteen chapters. Cliffhangers are usually convincing andstock footage used to good effect.When your a kid ,as I was in 1942, things such as stock footage and stunt doubles never entered my mind.Now as an adult i have to admit that this does change my values somewhat.Still ,Overland Mail remains a favorite. Rating **** OUT OF *****

  2. The highlight of the serial for me was Harry Cording’s death scene in chapter 14. He lays dying, and motions Chaney over to him like he is going to come clean, but with almost glee instead says, “Well, I’m not going to tell you.” A wonderful scene. Question: During the forwards, what was the source of the music? Was it from DESTRY RIDES AGAIN?

  3. Ron, thanks very much for the music query; I’ve always liked the opening theme that’s used both here and in Winners of the West, but never been sure of the source. After reading your comment, I checked a trailer for Destry Rides Again on Youtube–and bingo! The accompanying music is indeed the Overland/Winners theme.

  4. Thanks for the info, Jerry. Alan Barbour said that OVERLAND MAIL was one of Universal’s best western serials, and I agree with him. Somehow it just works for me. Part of it is the trio of Chaney, Beery Jr, and Terry, they had great chemistry together, and of course you can’t go wrong with Beery Sr as the villain. BTW, how is the quality of VCI’s DVD?

  5. Universal really did their western serials well. I prefer them to the Republics. This one is top of the line for me, one of their best. Chaney makes a great lead. It is interesting how different he is than in his angst-filled horror roles. He might be the best actor ever to topline a serial. And he could do the cowboy stuff and the fight scenes. Old reliables Beery and Stevens made colorful villains. And I have to disagree with almost everyone about the stock footage. It is what really sets these Universal’s apart and gives them A budget scope. I love the stock shots. So there. The one thing I would say is that it is best to let some time pass between watching another Universal western serial to give yourself a chance to forget the stock shots, and the occasional repeating of stock shots within one serial should have been avoided.
    I also want to mention the puma (not Charley Stevens, but the real puma). Most mountain lions are shy, but this fellow has the personality of a man-eating tiger and doesn’t waste any time going for the kill when the hero or heroine passes by. Not that it ever did him any good. I am just sorry that they never had a villain blunder into his territory. The poor fellow deserved at least one good meal. ****1/2 out of *****

  6. Good comment about Universal’s puma, Old Serial Fan; he really did get a raw deal in his serial appearances. The lions and tigers get to polish off some of the villains in Universal’s jungle serials, but that puma never had luck of that kind. Republic’s Roy Rogers’ B-western Twilight in the Sierras does have the heavy (our old friend George Meeker) polished off by a puma at the end, but even there the cat doesn’t get to enjoy a meal; he and Meeker fall off a cliff to their deaths after he jumps the villain.

  7. Just watched this one again. The cattle roundup in chapters 7 and 8 must have been borrowed from a western filmed in Southern Arizona, likely near Old Tucson. If you see lots of Saguaros it’s Arizona for sure.

  8. The forward music used in Overland Mail is the classical Fingal Cave Overture and can be found on line.

  9. Really enjoyed this one. The action was fast and well staged, the storyline provides a nice hook to hang the plentiful action on, and the outdoor settings are a big plus. The strongest element though, are the performances of Don Terry and the junior’s, Noah and Lon. They create a real sense of friendship and camaraderie in their scenes together. I do think it might have made more sense to have dressed Lon up as Buck Jones rather than Johnny Mack Brown, the all black cowboy outfit does nothing for a guy of Chaney’s size. Helen Parrish made a brave but unfortunately under utilized heroine, really got a kick out of willingness to grab a rifle or pull a six gun and start slingin lead when the need arose. The senior Berry was his usual excellent, jovial bad man, his death scene repentance was quite touching. Harry Cording, on the other hand, was a convincing SOB from beginning to end.
    Overland Mail provides a fine balance of great action and well realized characterization, a fairly rare commodity in the genre.

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