SOS Coast Guard

SOS Coast Guard--titles
Republic, 12 Chapters, 1937. Starring Ralph Byrd, Bela Lugosi, Maxine Doyle, Richard Alexander, Lee Ford, George Chesebro, Allen Connor, Herbert Rawlinson, John Picorri.

Boroff (Bela Lugosi), an international criminal and dealer in munitions, hopes to sell a lethal disintegrating gas to the country of Morovania, a gas whose key element is the rare American mineral “arnatite.” His plans are upset when his cargo of arnatite, en route for Morovania, goes down aboard the SS Carfax before that ship has cleared the shores of the United States. Boroff escapes the US authorities after being rescued from the wreck of the Carfax, murdering a young Coast Guard ensign in the process; he then begins surreptitiously salvaging the arnatite from the wrecked Carfax with the help of his gigantic mute henchman Thorg, using it to manufacture gas-bombs for profitable export. However, Boroff reckons without the determination of the murdered ensign’s brother, Coast Guard Lieutenant Terry Kent (Ralph Byrd), who energetically pursues Boroff and repeatedly interferes with the villain’s deadly smuggling scheme.

Released just before directors William Witney and John English teamed for the first time to mark the “official” beginning of Republic’s Golden Age, SOS Coast Guard is often overlooked or neglected by serial buffs in favor of the classics that followed it, but it’s an excellent serial in its own right–fast-paced, tightly-plotted, atmospherically shot, and filled with good location work and interesting special effects.

Writers Barry Shipman, Ronald Davidson, Franklin Adreon, and Morgan Cox turn in a script that provides a good basis for continual action without becoming repetitious. By keeping Boroff firmly focused on the development of his gas bombs, the storyline avoids the episodic feel of many of Republic’s contemporary crime thrillers; there are subplots dealing with the hero’s attempts to investigate the sunken Carfax, trace Boroff’s chemical supply sources, and prevent Boroff from smuggling in scientific aides or smuggling out the bombs, but all of these are neatly connected to the main plot; the narrative never turns into a series of hero-villain duels over unrelated targets.

SOS Coast Guard--gas refining
Above: John Picorri (left) and Bela Lugosi work on the deadly dissolving gas.

Directors William Witney and Alan James–and cinematographer William Nobles–give Coast Guard some of the same eerie visual ambience that Witney and Nobles would later bring to Fighting Devil Dogs and Mysterious Doctor Satan. While much of Coast Guard’s action takes place in bright daylight, sequences like the Chapter One shipwreck and the subsequent shooting of Terry Kent’s brother on a storm-swept beach are full of shadowy lighting and ominous camera angles–an approach which probably suggested itself to the crew because of the presence of Bela Lugosi in the cast. Other Lugosi scenes and many of the monstrous Thorg’s menacing entrances–like his arrival aboard the Carfax in Chapter One–are filmed in similar style; even some of the fight scenes feature this horror-movie look (like the battle on the edge of the elevator shaft in Chapter Four).

SOS Coast Guard--Thorg boards the Carfax SOS Coast Guard--Boroff vanishes into the storm
Above left: Thorg climbs aboard the Carfax. Above right: Boroff flees into the storm after escaping the shipwreck.

The fights lack the polish that Witney and John English would soon bring to action sequences in their Golden Age efforts; as in Universal’s contemporary serials, combats between hero and henchmen are limited to under-cranked exchanges of short, chopping blows. The fights are more fluidly filmed than their Universal counterparts, however, with Witney using varied camera angles (as in the aforementioned Chapter Four fight) to give them some visual variety. Along with that Chapter Four sequence, the fight aboard the Carfax in Chapter One and the fight in the prop-filled hold of the Adamic in Chapter Five stand out.

SOS Coast Guard--hold fight 1 SOS Coast Guard--hold fight 2
Above: Ralph Byrd slugs a henchman (left) and triggers a falling-crate booby trap (right) during the Chapter Five fight in the hold of the Adamic.

Duke Taylor doubles Ralph Byrd in most scenes, with Loren Riebe and Earle Bunn also helping out and Yakima Canutt contributing a terrific motorcycle chase across the hilly back country near Bronson Canyon. Striking chase sequences like this one easily compensate for the serial’s uninspired fights; there are several other excellent ones spread throughout the serial, staged against interesting real-life locations. The hero’s Chapter Four pursuit of the henchmen through an abandoned outdoor factory (which ends in a neat slide down a rope) is a highlight, as is the big chase at Boroff’s kelp plant in Chapter Eight.

Other action highlights include the Coast Guard’s full-scale assault on the kelp plant in Chapter Nine (with a squad of sailors charging up the beach and taking cover behind a huge dock), the Chapter Eleven boat chase and the rifle-versus-tommy-gun battle that accompanies it, and the suspenseful climactic chapter, with Byrd leading his men in an attack on Boroff’s headquarters only to be trapped by hidden gas bombs. This latter sequence makes excellent use of the forbidding slopes of  Bronson Canyon; the seaside hotel later seen in Mysterious Doctor Satan, some genuine dockyards, and rocky stretches of California coastline near Santa Barbara also provide memorable backdrops to the action.

SOS Coast Guard--kelp plant assault
Above: The attack on the kelp plant.

The serial’s chapter endings are quite good, although a few of them (most notably the water-tower-collapse at the end of Chapter Six) are resolved in the live-through-it fashion more common to Universal’s serials than to Republic’s. The kelp-plant explosion (Chapter Nine), the launch explosion (Chapter Two), and the ship-sinking (Chapter One) all utilize good Lydecker Brothers miniatures; the Lydeckers’ talents are also in evidence in scenes that show the dissolving gas in action, although the effect used (melting the film emulsion) is more convincing when the gas is destroying rock surfaces than when it’s supposedly dissolving more complicated sets like the laboratory in the Chapter Three cliffhanger. Among the less spectacular endings, two of the best are the hero’s apparent squashing by an elevator (Chapter Four) and the severing of the hero’s diving hose in Chapter Seven (the editing of the scene, and the facial expressions of Ralph Byrd, put this potentially undramatic ending across very effectively).

SOS Coast Guard--Carfax goes down
Above: The wrecked Carfax slips its moorings and slides off a reef at the end of Chapter one.

Byrd is excellent in all his scenes, of course; as in his Dick Tracy serials, he’s eager, confident, and rather driven in manner as he chases down clues and confronts criminals. He also managed to be both quietly but firmly authoritative, while still conveying genuine alarm in dangerous moments–as during the diving sequence or the climactic confrontation with the gas bombs (his shouts of “that gas is deadly!” in this and other scenes are tensely and urgently convincing).

SOS Coast Guard--Ralph Byrd
Above: Ralph Byrd evacuates his men from a soon-to-be-exploded building.

Bela Lugosi, after the serial’s first chapter, has little to do but issue orders to his henchmen–but does it with plenty of flair, using his baleful stare, sinister voice, and forceful hand gestures to advantage in all of his scenes. Lugosi brings more to the part than glowering menace, however; he gives Boroff a smugness, suavity, and cruel joviality that accentuates the villain’s hatefulness–whether the criminal mastermind is taunting Thorg, gloating to Terry Kent, or stroking a dog that he plans to dissolve in a scientific test.

SOS Coast Guard--Bela Lugosi
Above: Bela Lugosi toasts his own success, with henchman Lawrence Grant.

Richard Alexander is very memorable as the simple-minded mute Thorg, a murderous semi-aquatic brute who receives more screen time of any of the serial’s other heavies. Alexander’s extremely powerful physique and stonily determined face make him positively terrifying when he’s attacking the hero underwater or advancing towards the camera to strangle someone, although the character’s menace is somewhat diminished by his periodic participation in routine fistfights–in which he seems much less unstoppable than in underwater scenes. Still, if this serial is mentioned to a genre buff, the odds are strong that the monstrous Thorg is the first character he’ll recall.

SOS Coast Guard--Thorg attacks
Above: Richard Alexander during one of Thorg’s undersea attacks.

Maxine Doyle, future wife of director William Witney, is likable as the spunky reporter heroine–cheerfully energetic but also calmly capable in manner; she’s far more convincing as a seasoned journalist than many serial actresses. Lee Ford, on the other hand, is so fumblingly moronic as her photographer “Snapper” that it’s impossible to believe he could hold down a newspaper job; his pratfalls, mindlessly stupid facial expressions, and occasional outbursts of shrill panic are irritating, not funny. Thankfully, his “comic” bits are limited, and are usually used to provide the hero with a clue of some kind instead of being merely inserted into the narrative for their own sake–but his performance still constitutes the only major flaw in the serial.

SOS Coast Guard--Lee Ford and Maxine Doyle
Above: Lee Ford and Maxine Doyle.

Allen Connor is very good as the heroine’s intelligent chemist brother, analyzing captured gas bombs with convincing assurance and thoughtfulness. Herbert Rawlinson, as the hero’s commanding officer, never leaves Coast Guard headquarters but issues orders and plans strategy with his usual resolute dignity; his best moment is his grim refusal to accept Boroff’s terms in Chapter Twelve. George Chesebro plays the field commander of Lugosi’s thugs–calling the hero “sonny boy,” chortling over successes, and otherwise indulging in his typically amusing loud-mouthed behavior.

SOS Coast Guard--Allen Connor SOS Coast Guard--George Chesebro
Above left: Allen Connor in his lab. Above right: George Chesebro (with rifle) and a henchman in action at sea.

John Picorri, in a change of pace from his demented-henchman roles in other serials, plays Boroff’s reluctant scientific associate Rackerby, convincingly describing the chemical principles behind the dissolving gas and worrying about the Coast Guard’s investigations with a sort of restrained panic. Carleton Young has an odd but amusing bit as a suave henchman who adopts decidedly British speech mannerisms when trying to deceive the heroine (“I say, this is rich, you know”); other henchmen are played by Jerry Frank, Kit Guard, Alan Gregg, Curley Dresden, Frank Ellis, James Millican, and Roy Barcroft–who makes the most of a very brief part.

Jack Ingram and Bob Wilke can both be glimpsed as members of Ralph Byrd’s Coast Guard squad; Ed Cassidy and Buddy Roosevelt have much larger roles as Coast Guard officers. Harry Strang has a bit as a telephone-company man, Lester Dorr plays a hospital orderly, Rex Lease pops up as a Coastguardsman, Jack Roberts is John Picorri’s fatally hot-tempered partner, Lawrence Grant plays a shadily distinguished Boroff agent, and Henry Hale is good as a Morovanian scientist. Future director Thomas Carr plays Ralph Byrd’s enthusiastically chipper brother in the opening chapter.

SOS Coast Guard shows Republic Pictures’ serial unit functioning at close to full power; the serials that followed it would hone fight scenes and special-effects sequences to a much finer point (and would happily eliminate the “brainless comic-relief character” from Republic’s formula), but SOS Coast Guard is definitely well-produced and entertaining enough to deserve a respectable ranking among Republic’s Golden Age classics.

SOS Coast Guard--final

5 thoughts on “SOS Coast Guard

  1. I liked this one, but it falls short of the best Republics mainly because Lugosi is not given the type of over-the-top role he played so well. If I remember, he’s in it for the money, rather than the world will grovel at my feet type of motivation later crazed Republic villains displayed. Still a fairly good one, and an excellent review.

  2. I enjoy Lugosi’s crazed villain turns as well as anyone, but I actually found it interesting in this serial to see him playing (quite effectively) a cool and rather cynical heavy for a change instead of an embittered maniac like Zorka in Phantom Creeps or Poten in Shadow of Chinatown. One power-mad Republic maniac that Lugosi should have played, however, is Unga Khan in Undersea Kingdom; Monte Blue was not theatrical enough a performer to carry off that character’s “I will conquer the surface world” rants with the flair they deserved, but Lugosi would have fit the part like a glove; on my list of Fantasy Serial Castings, that switch has a fairly high place.

  3. Having read the two prior reviews I have to agree with their ascessments.And again Dan, thanks for a great review. I have this in my collection. Byrd is excellent as the hero with Thomas Carr very effective as the younger brother. Kudos to Richard Alexander as one of Republics more memorable henchman. Doyle is perfect as the herione.And as stated earlier,Ford tended to get on the nerves soon into the serial.Tight direction from William Witney. Lugosi ,as other named villians such as Noah Berry before him turns in an adequate performance. Im sure their use in serials were there to add star power.
    The only problem I had with SOS [and a trivial one] was the score. The studio had not achieved the polished sound that would come later.SOS ranks high on my list of top tens.Rating…………..4 STARS OUT OF FIVE.

  4. Jerry,
    Another great review and also one of my faves. The thing about this serial that has stayed in my mind was after reading Witney’s book this is when he met Maxine Doyle who was to become his wife and he relates how they didn’t hit it off right away but eventually love conquers all. And I also agree that Lugosi didn’t play his character over the top but he was still effective.

  5. Except for the painfully unfunny “comic” relief, I actually liked this serial as much as some of the later and more highly-touted Republics. The studio was still refining their approach, but this early effort holds up quite well, thanks to an entertaining story, a very good cast, and some great location work. The script focuses on Boroff’s overriding goal throughout, and has a continuity that many of the more episodic serials lack.

    I agree with your comments regarding Lugosi’s performance. The serial was made during Hollywood’s brief lull in the production of horror films, and it was a nice to see him in a change of pace from his usual deranged, over-the-top characters.

    Funny how character names are recycled. There’s G.A. Rackerby here in “SOS Coast Guard”; “The Green Archer” has a Prof. Rackerby, and in “Raiders of Ghost City”, Abel Rackerby appears. Morgan Cox was a writer on all three serials, so maybe it was favorite of his. Interestingly, the Writers Guild of America
    (formerly the Screen Writers Guild) bestows an award bearing his name, so he must have been someone whose contributions were appreciated.

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